What do the three new additions to the list of legume varieties offer?


The Processors and Growers Research Organization (PGRO) has added three new varieties to its 2022 descriptive lists for pulses.

The three additions include a green pea which is now the most productive combinable variety, a yellow pea with the highest rate of late blight, and an early maturing winter bean.

Winter beans

LS Plant Breeding’s Pantani Winter Bean is an early, short-straw variety with similar yields (93%) to honey (95%).

See also: Advice on reducing fertilizer rates when prices are high

Stephen Blecher, Senior Technical Manager of PGRO, said that although Pantani’s yield is a bit lower than the 108% high-yielding Vespa, growers should really compare it with honey because of its early maturity. , for which he obtains a score of 7.

Vespa, from Senova, continues to perform well in testing, with efficiencies over 108%, and is closely followed by Vincent de Senova at 106%.

Winter beans: Honey v Pantani

Variety

Yield (% control)

Early maturity (1-9)

Straw length (cm)

Standing capacity at harvest (1-9)

Thousand Seed Weight (g)

Protein content (%)

Darling

95

7

111

8

683

26.1

Pantani (new)

93

7

96

8

690

24.3

Peas

Along with peas, the green category saw the addition of Carrington from LS Plant Breeding, which is the best performing combinable pea with 117%. He topped last year’s top performer, Kameleon, by 115%.

In addition to yield, Carrington also has a very good rating for downy mildew (8).

The second newcomer to peas is Rivoli from Senova, which has a very good hold (7) and a protein content of 22%.

Mr. Belcher says that even though it has a yield of less than 103%, it has the best mildew grade of this group with a score of 8.

He points out that growers now have nine varieties of peas that score 8 for late blight:

  • Yellow: Rivoli
  • Green: Carrington, Bluetime, Mikka, Greenway, Kactus and Aviator
  • Maple: Mantara and Rose.

This is especially valuable given that no seed treatment will be available in 2022 after the loss of metalaxyl, which was widely used to manage the disease.

“Genetic resistance is now the main line of defense against late blight, because there are no effective foliar fungicides,” says Tom Yewbrey of Senova.

“Used alongside rotation measures and cultural control, the choice of varieties can make a difference. “

However, Belcher adds that varietal resistance to late blight can vary among the races present in the soil.

Yellow Peas: High Yielding Kameleon and Newcomer Rivoli

Variety

Yield (% control)

Early maturity (1-9)

Straw length (cm)

Resistance to mildew (1-9)

Standing capacity at harvest (1-9)

Thousand Seed Weight (g)

Protein content (%)

Chameleon

115

6

78

7

5

296

22

Rivoli (new)

103

6

84

7

8

272

22

Green peas: five best yields

Variety

Yield (% control)

Early maturity (1-9)

Straw length (cm)

Resistance to mildew (1-9)

Standing capacity at harvest (1-9)

Thousand Seed Weight (g)

Protein content (%)

Carrington (new)

117

6

88

8

7

234

22

blue weather

110

4

93

8

6

279

18

Mikka

109

5

89

8

7

290

21

Greenway

108

5

90

8

6

289

21

Kactus

108

5

80

8

7

276

20

Spring beans

There were no new additions to the spring bean list, but LS Plant Breeding’s Lynx is now ahead of its competition with a 106% yield, having placed second on the 2021 list, followed by Genghis and Stella at 105%.



Source Link

Please follow and like us: